Research Methodology

The course will provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to develop and carry out research.

Research Methodology

In particular, the course aims at teaching students about research design, strategies, methods, and processes. The important steps in planning a research project, such as problem identification and formulation of the research question, developing the study objective, reviewing related literature, and formulating a model will also be covered. Additionally, methods for data collection and analysis are included. The course also discusses the preparations involved in writing a research proposal.

What is Research?

What is Research Methodology?


Table of Contents


Problem Statements

Research Objectives

Research Questions

Scope of the Study

Literature Review

Cronin, P., Ryan, F., & Coughlan, M. (2008). Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. British Journal of Nursing, 17(1), 38–43.

Rocco, T. S., & Plakhotnik, M. S. (2009). Literature reviews, conceptual frameworks, and theoretical frameworks: Terms, functions, and distinctions. Human Resource Development Review, 8(1), 120–130.

Snyder, H. (2019). Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 104, 333–339.

Underpinning Theories

Lederman, N. G., & Lederman, J. S. (2015). What is A theoretical framework? A practical answer. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 26(7), 593–597.

Hyphothesis Development

Materials and Methods

Data Collection

Data Analysis







Research Tools








Creswell, J. W. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (Fifth Edition). SAGE Publications. [Student Companion Website]

Cunningham, S. J. (2004). How to write a thesis. Journal of Orthodontics, 31(2), 144–148.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2019). Research methods for business students (8th ed.). Pearson Education. [Student Companion Website

Online Theses

Malaysian Thesis Online

BRITISH LIBRARY: e-Thesis Online Services (eThOS) 

Open Access Thesis & Dissertation (OATD) - aims to be the best possible resource for finding open access graduate theses and dissertations published around the world. Metadata (information about the theses) comes from over 1100 colleges, universities, and research institutions. OATD currently indexes 6,121,728 theses and dissertations.

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Piled Higher and Deeper

Aidi Ahmi

Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy
Universiti Utara Malaysia
06010 UUM Sintok
Kedah, Malaysia
Tel: +6049287222
E-mail: aidi[at]